The-Voice-of-the-G20-Citizens-gcel global coalition for efficient logistics digital economy

The Voice of the G20 Citizens Report


The diagnostic assessment of trade efficiency was prepared by 90 G20 government ministries, IGOs/NGOs, academia and private sector experts. The results yielded: 90.4% of trade participants have no integrated system and 94.5% want the DEP.



Only Together We Can Change the Pattern

According to the media, our global leaders are facing further diminishing trust from the very citizens they represent.


The reality is the majority of our global leaders, actually do care about the well-being of our societies and are vigorously seeking sustainable economic solutions to make the world a better place. However, we must ask ourselves: why aren’t they more successful in meeting the economic ambitions of the world’s citizens and why is the gap between good intentions and reality continuously widening?


This is due to many factors including regenerated challenges, jurisdictional limitations and the political risks associated with their actions; above all, the issues faced by the world today are so great that they are almost unsolvable using the methods at hand today.


The reality is that ‘diminishing trust’ is not caused by one party or another; it is caused by all of us. Therefore, we are all part of the problem and our leaders need us all to be part of the solution. The public sector can point the way forward and can assist in providing the tools for promoting public goods. However, each citizen must also be part of the solution forming dynamic communities leading to global prosperity.


It is based on the above premise this report has been prepared to present the voice of the G20’s citizens on the ground level to their leaders as to what they need to do for a better job, thereby, setting the foundation for a prosperous tomorrow in our time and for generations to come.


This is not just another report. This is a call for action. This call is being made by all of us through the most comprehensive and exhaustive program that started more than 10 years ago towards implementing the required solution to achieve sustainable economic growth. This call is global in scope, founded on partnership and not competition, and can be deployed rapidly across the globe at no cost to businesses for promoting real economic growth.


The present economic unrest and the uncertainty of the future call on the world’s leaders to look beyond conventional solutions, learning from history while leveraging 21st century tools.


The Digital Economy has become more crucial than ever before led by the strong belief that in the current digital era, today’s information technology must be able to help achieve sustained economic growth. In fact, 2015 and 2016 were the first years that the Digital Economy was at the focal point of the G20 / B20 agenda and policy recommendations.


The common theme we are witnessing is that most global experts around the world have introduced their own products and services while attempting to define the Digital Economy. So in other words, providing digital products or services, generating revenue and creating jobs, although important, does not represent the full power of the Digital Economy. We must understand that the objective of the G20 / B20’s recommendations is not to construct the Digital Economy to be just another product or service in the marketplace; rather the objective is to deliver upon the economic recommendations of the B20 taskforces related to Employment, SMEs, Trade, Financing Growth and Infrastructure Investment by maximizing on what technology can make possible today and in the future.


In brief, the Digital Economy must assist in delivering the B20/G20’s recommendations, thus restoring the health of the Real Global Economy.  By the Real Economy we mean those industries that produce and service the food we eat, the clothes that we wear and the materials to build our cities with emphasis on SMEs, who generate up to 80% of employment in many countries around the world.


Now that the Digital Economy has been recognized as the common theme for implementing global economic policies, it is incumbent upon us to ask the real economy participants at the ground level how the Digital Economy tools should look like so they can do a better job, thus creating productive communities today and in the future.


Based on the foregoing, GCEL announced the launch of the G20 Nations Case Study at the OECD-B20 joint taskforce sessions held June 2nd 2015 in Paris. The G20 Nations Case Study is an assessment of the entire real economy value stream across 19 industry clusters from shelf to shelf including; buyers, sellers, logistics service providers, governments, banks and insurance firms.


This is not just another assessment since we are entrusted to convey the voice of the G20 Citizens to their leaders; therefore, we have designed a new global standard to reflect the needs of the real economy participants on the ground.


The G20 Nations Case Study is now completed and it involved the collective contributions of more than 80 government ministries, industry associations, academic institutions, and private sector experts. We collected nearly 1.2 million data points through face-to-face interviews, ensuring accurate responses using animated show-cards in local language with multiple options, throughout all country economic zones covering the entire spectrum of large, medium and small enterprises. 


The G20 citizens have committed to conduct their national assessments as a first step to empower the Digital Economy. The results have been staggering: about 90% of the real economy participants surveyed do not have an integrated system and over 94% have collectively agreed on a common description on what the Digital Economy tools should look like to reduce their costs, de-risk doing business, expand their market reach and ease their access to greater financing and insurance.


Diagnosis without providing the cure does not improve the condition, therefore it is of paramount importance to call upon the experts of the world to remedy the situation. In this case the doctors are the technology industry. The top 26 technology firms of the world have committed to participate in an equal opportunity process as a first step to be selected as a qualified trusted network to deliver what the real economy participants demand. The selection will be based on offsetting geopolitical, monopolistic and data privacy concerns while delivering the required tools at no cost to the end user.


The size and scope of the Digital Economy calls upon public and private organizations to work in concert by capitalizing on each organization’s capabilities and jurisdiction. Thus, introducing an independent global monitoring mechanism that will offset the above concerns and at the same time securing benefits to all. The foregoing will ensure rapid adoption of the Digital Economy Platform (DEP).


The Digital Economy is the tipping point to a new era of prosperity. Consider this; Our global business-to-business expenditures total USD 140 trillion according to the VISA Commercial Consumption Expenditure Index and is forecasted to reach USD 337 trillion by the year 2030.  An Asia Development Bank survey in 2012 revealed that of USD 4.6 trillion in trade finance requests, more than USD 1.6 trillion was rejected. Think about this, just USD 3 trillion was approved representing less than 3% of the total business-to-business market. This is an enormous lost opportunity for the financial industry and similarly for the insurance and technology industries.


What we are witnessing today is the birth of a new major industry. Imagine this; today the world gold production engrosses USD 0.136 trillion, and the world oil production engrosses about USD 2.3 trillion; meanwhile the Digital Economy, as a new industry, is projected to reach USD 5.5 trillion per year by 2030.


Although fiscal, monetary and trade policies are important, we must focus our efforts to enlarge the global economic pie instead of competing on the same one. This report and for the first time ever presents the required target confirmed by the world’s citizens to increase the world’s GDP by 17% thus creating nearly 300 million new jobs by 2030. The roadmap to reach the defined target, the required tools needed, and the largest global consensus to secure its successful implementation in our time and for generations to come are ready; ready and available for all of us to be part of it.


Captain Samuel Salloum
— The Global Coalition for Efficient Logistics, January 2018


The objective of this report is to present the voice of the G20 citizens to their leaders when defining the required digital tools to do a better job on the ground level. The question remains, how can we maximize on the digital tools to achieve sustained economic growth. The starting point must highlight the powerful demographic trends that commend a new economic order. Consider this:

In the high-income countries where fifteen percent of the world’s population lives, birth rates are low; the population is aging and salaries remain high. This is an efficient and productive community challenged with low market demand.

Meanwhile in mid- and low-income countries, birth rates are high, the population is young and strong, but salaries are merely 20% of those in high-income countries. This is a highly populated community challenged with low buying power.

The high-income countries cannot clone people, and face challenges to open their borders wider. The only viable choice for these countries is to build the buying power of the mid- and low-income countries, thus creating a vast new market for their products and services.

The only survival choice for the mid- and low-income countries is to commit to business excellence, thus achieving efficient and transparent operations, thereby attracting national and international investment, resulting in increased buying power.

The Digital Economy is the tool to connect our economies more efficiently and DE-RISK Transactions Among Businesses and Nations in order to grow global trade, thereby rebalancing the world economy. This is how we can enlarge the global economic “pie” instead of competing on the same one that we have today. It is not just another global initiative; this is the NEXT BIG THING.

This is the foundation of the “Implementable Policy Formula” presented by GCEL to the G20 / B20, after more than 10 years of R&D. In fact GCEL, a Swiss based non-profit public private partnership, has already started the execution of the Implementable Policy Formula, which includes:


I – Focus on Common Denominator Among Policies

This is the most common and comprehensive denominator of those tangible and quantifiable policies that have a rapid and direct positive impact on the real economy.
2015 Turkey G20/B20: For the first time ever, the G20 adopted the Digital Economy as a policy initiative contributed by GCEL in 17 out of 25 key B20 2015 Turkey Taskforce recommendations.
2016 China G20/B20: The G20 adopted the Digital Economy Development and Cooperation Initiative as a policy directive.
2017 Germany B20:  Established for the first time a “Digitalization Task Force” to focus on Digital Economy implementation.

Today, global leaders have embraced the Digital Economy as a common and comprehensive denominator for the implementation of policies.


II – Obtain Validation From The Ground Level

It is of paramount importance that the proposed policy benefits are validated by listening to the voice of the real economy participants impacted by these policies at the ground level.

This is the foundation of the G20 Nations Case Study in hand that presents the voice of the G20 citizens at the ground level through the highest world standard assessment involving more than 80 ministries, NGOs / IGOs, academia and private sector experts from the G20 countries. This Case Study will shape how the Digital Economy should look like to serve as the tool to implement the recommendations by the policy makers.

 The results of this global study have been staggering:
90.4% do not have an integrated system and
94.5% want the Digital Economy Platform proposed by GCEL, in order to do a better job on the ground level.


III – Secure Industry Capability & Commitment

Once the policy’s benefits are validated at the ground level, we must secure the related industry resources for a rapid implementation.

We have obtained the commitment of the world’s top technology companies—servicing more than 60% of the world’s GDP and with more than 2.6 million experts to collectively deliver upon policy makers’ recommendations to meet the needs of the real economy participants, at no cost to the end-user.

Governments and leading international organizations have recognized the importance of domestic and international trade efficiency as the key to prosperity of people, nations, and the whole world. The inefficiency of global trade increases the cost of our food, clothing, and the materials we use to build our cities, ultimately compromising the well being of people worldwide. On the other hand, all of us stand to benefit from the gains in trade efficiency and security.

Trade is mostly founded upon four interdependent pillars: Commerce, Finance, Insurance and Logistics. The weakest link among the four industries is Logistics. Maximizing the efficiency of global logistics represents the solid foundation required to empower the other three industries, presenting a new era of trade efficiency to the world. By establishing an open-access digital logistics platform, we will also enhance digital commerce, digital finance, and digital insurance, ultimately empowering the Digital Economy.

In fact, when the marine container made logistics more efficient and secure, it was able to reduce the cost of trade exponentially, including cutting loading costs from USD 5.86 to USD 0.16 per ton. Today, with digital technology, we can do it again, thus providing the world with USD 3.7 trillion in yearly domestic and international trade cost savings. This sets the foundation for trade increase and job creation. The first step in reaching the level of digital technology utilization necessary for maximum trade efficiency is to determine the world’s current efficiency levels. 

When assessing the level of modern digital technology utilization, efficiency measurements should not be based only upon the current best practices but also on a new standard in order to meet 21st century trade efficiency requirements. This standard is based upon what current technology makes possible when applied to the following six key areas: Integration, Processes, E-Documentation, Tracking & Visibility, Competence, and Cargo Security. These areas have been separately recognized by renowned international organizations – including the World Bank, UNCTAD, and APEC – as essential factors to trade efficiency, and are basic foundations of our 21st Century 6 Elements Trade Efficiency Indicators (21-6-ETEI) standard.

The G20 Nations Case Study begins by recognizing that trade is inherently a horizontal process, and that its efficiency is defined by the movement of a shipment through each segment of the trade pipeline. Thus, data was gathered along the full extent of this pipeline, sampling participants from businesses of all sizes and in all economic zones. By covering the entire shipment flow, the G20 Nations Case Study is able to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of G20 countries’ individual businesses, industry clusters and economic regions. Global experts have reached a consensus that this analysis demonstrates the new high standard of assessment by virtue of:

Scale/Scope: The Case Study covered all private and public participants in the flow of trade, including customs, logistics service providers, shippers, ports, carriers,  financiers, and insurance providers.

Breadth of Sample: The study targeted industry participants from small, medium and large enterprises, as well as from the public sector throughout the supply chain pipeline.

Geographic Coverage: Respondents were surveyed in all key economic zones of the G20 countries.

Sample Size: Throughout each country, the survey included more than 10 times the number of respondents sampled in the existing world standard.

Direct Sampling: Assessments were conducted with trained examiners on a person-to-person basis, rather than via electronic or automated means.

Survey Methodology: Questions were illustrated in local language in order to visualize the subject of inquiry, thus ensuring ease of understanding, which results in optimum response accuracy.

Quality Assurance:  The survey received world-class oversight and extensive quality control cross-checks to ensure data accuracy, including call backs to more than 50% of survey respondents to further validate data quality.

Several public data exchange platform initiatives introduced by various Single Windows of the G20 nations such as Automated Commercial Environment, National Transport and Logistics Public Information Platform, Customs Management Information System, and other customs management information systems all have been instrumental in advancing the G20’s digital trade capabilities with the goal of integrating trade-related systems, increasing trade, and enhancing cargo security.

However, the main obstacle facing all 19 clusters is that about 90.4% of the businesses surveyed in G20 countries do not have an integrated system and depend on third parties to process shipment information. Furthermore, about 94.9% of the data transmitted between trade participants is through manual methods of fax, phone and email. This number of companies with no integrated systems and which rely on manual data transmittal between trade participants is so large that it delays integration, both within G20 countries as well as with their trade partners. This restrains the G20 countries from achieving the trade efficiency required to maximize their potential and realize the economic ambitions of their citizens.

Based upon the survey results, the following chart illustrates where G20 countries stand today in relation to the 21-6-ETEI. For trade to reach its highest potential, all six areas must perform at peak efficiency. As the 21-6-ETEI chart indicates, there is an opportunity for optimization in each of the six areas where G20 countries are concerned. The values expressed for each country / area are presented on a scale of 0 to 5, with 5 representing peak performance within an optimal environment maximizing on what technology can make possible today. Peak performance relative to the individual areas is explained in detail within the body of this analysis.

The survey results clearly demonstrate that G20 countries have worked hard to create a favourable trade environment; however, substantial opportunities exist to achieve their full potential:

Under the 21-6-ETEI standard, G20 countries’ Integration scored 1.46. This signifies the importance of increasing the levels of horizontal integration across G20 countries’ 19 trade clusters; this will further leverage G20 countries’ significant investment in several initiatives such as the Advanced  Commercial Environment, the National Transportation and Logistics Public Information Platform, the Customs Information System, and other customs management information systems, thereby improving collaboration between G20 countries’ trade pipeline participants and with their trade partners globally. This will also provide tremendous opportunity to achieve trade facilitation targets and enable more efficient data sharing in order to enhance supply chain security, and bring new efficiencies to governments and industries.

The E-Documentation score of 1.94 represents an opportunity to increase electronic transfer of shipment data between trade participants across the G20 countries. The number of days for customs clearance across G20 nations varies significantly between high income and medium income countries. By increasing the use of electronic documentation and leveraging on a Global Single Window (GSW++) across the G20 nations by connecting all the existing national single windows, trade participants will reduce the level of manual data entry throughout trade activities, thereby minimizing human error as well as the frequency of incomplete or missing documentation. This will facilitate advance customs clearance, thus reducing shipment delays.

The Processes score of 2.15 presents the opportunity for improvement to reach optimal 21-6-ETEI standards. G20 countries can further evolve to a model where productivity gains are generated through innovation.  The use of technology to implement more efficient processes across all jurisdictions in G20 countries’ trade pipelines will contribute towards minimizing unnecessary shipment delays, lowering wait times at points of entry, and reducing excess domestic and international trade costs. 

G20 countries’ Tracking & Visibility score of 1.88 reflects the level of real-time information concerning a shipment’s location and movements. The introduction of the transportation and Logistics Public Information Platform, Customs systems and e-Port systems in G20 countries coupled with improved shipment visibility through an integrated horizontal system within G20 countries’ trade pipelines and their trade partners can further enhance planning capabilities, improve predictability of shipment deliveries, decrease operational costs, and lower inventory levels.

The Competence score of 1.68 indicates that there are gains to be achieved in terms of participant performance. When properly trained using systems that dynamically monitor trade performance based on contractual obligations, G20 countries’ trade workforce can provide businesses a competitive advantage in both their national and global markets.

G20 countries’ Cargo Security score of 2.18 reflects the leadership role of G20 countries’ Customs to implement efficient practices through the use of technology to secure their countries’ borders and flow of commerce. However, the lack of integration across the 19 clusters inhibits G20 countries’ Customs from receiving real time and validated shipment information necessary to anticipate and stop security threats before they reach their countries’ borders.

Logistics cost as a percent of GDP varies across G20 countries. High Income economies in North America, Asia, and Europe incur logistics costs that run between 7.9% and 9.7% of GDP while in mid-income countries in South America, Asia-Pacific and the Middle East and Africa range is between 12% to 15%. In Indonesia, Russia and China the logistics cost as percent of GDP is over 18%.  This variation by region and the overall high logistics cost in G20 countries is mostly due to the fragmented nature of the logistics sector. Carrying goods around the different countries can involve a mixture of foreign, state-owned and domestic private businesses. As efficiency gains are achieved in each area and region, and numeric scores are increased to within the range of 4.5 to 5.0, there are corresponding savings in international and domestic trade costs. This level of improved performance would result in yearly savings of nearly USD 3.7 trillion annually by 2030, providing the tools to expand G20 countries’ trade by USD 7.7 trillion annually, and lead to creation of nearly 300 million new jobs globally. Furthermore, new digital tools can help maximize capacity utilization of G20 countries’ present physical logistics infrastructure, while providing a real-time national trade dashboard that will help to secure and prioritize national and international physical infrastructure investments. 

Just as G20 countries have taken an innovative role in trade efficiency by introducing single windows in different countries, their trade community has expressed broad interest in pioneering new initiatives for the Digital Economy, and utilizing them to integrate G20 countries’ SMEs, both within each G20 country and across the world. In fact, 94.5% of respondents expressed their desire for the Digital Economy Platform.

G20 countries would like a Digital Economy Platform that allows businesses to:

 Promote their services and products nationally and internationally

 Target qualified buyers – in need of their services and products – directly

 Simplify decision making of potential buyers, and accelerate the sales cycle

 Expedite and simplify trade finance

 Decrease trade insurance premiums while enhancing the coverage

 Ease integration into the global trade pipeline and

Post their products and services in the languages that potential customers prefer

G20 countries’ SMEs desire the required Digital Economy Platform environment to connect with their counterparts around the globe. The Association of Development Financing Institutions in Asia and the Pacific (ADFIAP) and the former Secretariat of the World Federation of Development Financing Institutions (WFDFI), whose members serve the financial needs of more than 60% of world’s SMEs, have also confirmed the desirability of the following Digital Economy environment based upon their regular daily interactions within the current inefficient environment.


The Digital Economy In G20 countries

We have briefly presented the results of the G20 Nations Case Study with emphasis on the six key areas of trade efficiency in relation to the 21-6-ETEI standard, which will be explored more thoroughly later in this document. However, the end game is the empowerment of the four pillars of trade to establish the required Digital Economy Platform: A fully digital trade environment consisting of optimally-performing levels of E-Commerce, E-Finance, E-Insurance, and E-Logistics. As illustrated in the foregoing chart, the six key elements of trade efficiency – Integration, Processes, E-Documentation, Tracking & Visibility, Competence, and Cargo Security – are the necessary elements for an E-Logistics platform that is integrated with the other three trade pillars. Optimal performance in all of these six key areas is necessary to empower the four pillars, enabling them to deliver the efficiency and cost reductions required to drive trade growth, and thus propel economic prosperity for all nations for generations to come.


The 21st Century Digital Economy Environment Foundation

The 21st Century Digital Economy environment is an ecosystem that permits global integration of product and service offerings with the intelligent proficiency to match sellers to targeted buyers.  This environment is based upon dynamic, validated real-time information accumulated and continuously updated through the normal course of trade activities around the world, rather than the unsubstantiated reviews presently in use.

The quality of data in the world of information can be divided into two extremes: The first extreme is the Non-Validated Data or NVD provided by a single source of data without validation.

The second extreme is the Ultimate Data Quality  (UDQ) provided to initiate an action in the real word validated through multiple sources of data in the same pipeline. For example, when traveling we cannot enter the name of George and show-up at the airport with Robert’s passport. In order for Robert to travel he must enter the true data to initiate an action in the real world, then the multiple parties involved in Robert’s move from one part of the world to another will continuously update the data as a prerequisite to initiate the sequential events in a real action.

For this Digital Economy to succeed it must be dependent on real-time dynamic data validated by multiple sources. Simply said, the Digital Economy must be based on the UDQ.

The UDQ is initiated from the logistics industry. The logistics industry is the core of our real economy, the products we find on the shelves of our supermarkets or the materials with which we build our cities are available thanks to the logistics industry. To most people when we mention logistics the first thing that comes to their minds is a truck. The logistics industry has been underestimated for a long time and still is today. Yet it has enormous potential to empower our global economy.

The logistics pipeline is the core of our economies, while at the same time it represents the main source of the UDQ that we are in desperate need of, in order to reach the tipping point towards achieving the required 21st century prosperous economic era.

As previously mentioned, the B2B marketplace depends upon four interdependent industries: Commerce, Finance, Insurance, and Logistics. The weakest of these is logistics, which is highly fragmented. Issues facing logistics prevent the other three industries from performing at optimal levels. Enhancing the efficiency of the logistics will enable peak logistics performance and at the same time will generate the UDQ to boost the performance of the other three industries, thus empowering them to reach their full potential to a complete new level never possible before. This, in brief, is the main foundation of the Digital Economy.

In regards to the growing level of concern about data privacy and information security in the digital era, since trade data is of national security importance and such information is the currency of the future, it must be securely exchanged. Accordingly, the DEP must be delivered through the Global Data Security Standard (GDSS) consisting of the “Axioms of the 5Cs” shown below, thereby providing the multi-layered mechanism to safeguard the data privacy and information security of public and private organizations:

Consortium of Globally Balanced Ownership
Council of Worldwide Fiduciary Governance Board
Committee of Technology Governance Board Experts
Controlled Segregated Technology Development
Continuous and Comprehensive Audits

It is clear that data security requires a comprehensive and global solution, one that serves the needs of high, mid and low-income countries alike. It should allow the public and private sector to contribute to the development and the implementation of the standard in a geo-politically diverse and non-monopolistic manner, thereby garnering acceptance by all the regions of the world. It must also involve multiple layers of ownership and governance within a true Public-Private Partnership.


The Future of E-Logistics in G20 Countries

The main benefit of the ecosystem described above is that it allows the creation of the smart E-Logistics environment that will provide the ability to:

Minimize standardization requirements.
Create a point-to-world integration environment.
Transform Logistics Service Provider (LSP) contract obligations into electronic metrics, enabling real-time monitoring of contracted vs. forecasted vs. actual performance.
Create an optimum E-Documentation environment that minimizes keystrokes and errors by:
– Validating data from multiple sources within the same trade pipeline
– Auto populating the missing information dynamically to meet the evolving Buy, Sell, Country, Industry, Financial, and Insurance (BSCIFI) documentation requirements.
– Provide the required tools to plan and manage global trade lanes from shelf-to-shelf at no cost to end users.

Despite vertical efficiencies achieved by some LSPs, the G20 countries’ logistics industry suffer from the same problems facing the industry worldwide. It remains fragmented and unnecessarily costly, and the lack of technologically optimized systems and processes prevents it from achieving the highest 21-6-ETEI ratings.


The Future of E-Commerce in G20 Countries

The main benefit of the ecosystem described above is that it allows the creation of a smart E-Commerce matrix that provides the dynamic scoring level needed to:

Ensure quality of services and products based on sellers’ global activities.
Facilitate and expedite product and service finance.
Minimize insurance premiums and optimize coverage.
Ensure easy integration of sellers into the buyer supply chain.
Ensure the reliability and dependability of the logistics industry pipeline from seller to buyer.

Based on the UDQ, the aforementioned scoring system is presented at any time the buyer decides to evaluate a seller’s product or service, locally, regionally or globally. Such a system results in maximizing conversion ratios from seeing a desired product and service to acquisition.

Although it remains an ideal system that G20 countries, and the rest of the world, are striving to reach, this E-Commerce environment does not yet exist. However, as previously stated, 94.5% of G20 countries’ businesses have demanded the E-Commerce environment previously described.


The Future of E-Finance in G20 Countries

The main benefit of the ecosystem described above is that it allows the creation of the smart E-Finance matrix that will provide the dynamic scoring level needed for:

Trade Finance Risk Mitigation: Minimize underwriter risk based upon borrowers’ historic and future global trade finance activities.
Minimize Transaction Risk: Maximize lenders’ capability to electronically direct loan proceeds to the borrower’s preapproved sellers of products and services.
Asset Recovery Risk: Ensure the capability to seize assets in the trade pipeline for
rerouting or liquidation to minimize asset impairment loss.

All of the above will expedite trade finance, promote trade increases and thereby enable new global market expansion for large enterprises, as well as for the SMEs of the world who represent one of the main cornerstones of global economic growth.

Currently, the lack of access to the information described above limits E-Finance for trade in G20 countries. Although financial institutions have created efficient in-house vertical systems, banks have limited access to real-time shipment information and to timely data regarding buyers, sellers and the movement of goods. Banks’ 21-6-ETEI scores remain among the lowest of all clusters surveyed in the G20 countries.


The Future of E-Insurance in G20 Countries.

The main benefit of the ecosystem described above is that it allows the creation of the smart E-Insurance matrix that will provide the dynamic scoring level needed for:

       Trade Insurance Risk Mitigation: Minimizing underwriter risk based upon all trade lane participants’ historic performance as well as specific trade pipeline routes and destinations, thus expediting insurance coverage.

       Maximize Global Coverage: Provides the ability for firms’ seamless integration into the global trade insurance market, enabling them to provide door-to-door coverage with limited risk.

       Expedite Claims Processes: Access to current and historic information gathered throughout the trade pipeline provides firms with needed data to process claims quickly and accurately.

In G20 countries today, E-Insurance for trade remains costly and difficult to obtain. The lack of trade integration and visibility to the state of shipments within the pipeline, as well as the continued reliance on paper documentation, holds insurance industry scores below optimal 21-6-ETEI levels.


The Future Trade Potential of G20 Countries

Currently, the G20 High Income Countries (HIC) trade approximately USD 1 trillion among themselves. Currently, HIC are experiencing slow economic growth due to excess production capacity accompanied by decelerating demand, a high debt burden, and an aging population. Nearly 35 years ago, the HIC used to be 22% of the world’s population. Due to low birth rates and an aging population, the HIC now represent 15% of the world’s population, and with the same trend this level is projected to reach 11% by 2050. Based on this declining population, experts estimate that the growth in trade within HIC will also decline in the future.

Hence, it is fundamental for G20 nations to minimize their trade dependence on HIC by investing in the economies of the middle income countries (MIC) and low income countries (LIC) towards building their purchasing power so that G20 countries can grow their exports to those countries in the near future. For every 1% increase in the purchasing power of MIC/LIC, G20 countries can increase their exports by USD 99 billion with a potential annual trade increase for G20 countries reaching up to USD 4.6 trillion by 2030.

The main challenge is to de-risk trade between countries which is made possible through the adoption of the DEP that will provide increased efficiency and transparency as well as assist to achieve business excellence in a relatively short time frame. This campaign has already been endorsed by the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the African Union and the Organization of American States, among others, that have entered into strategic agreements to deploy the DEP. Accordingly, G20 countries will reduce domestic and international trade costs as well as de-risk operations with their trade partners, thereby attracting domestic and foreign direct investments, easing access to trade finance and insurance, and increasing their reach to global markets, all of which contribute towards building their purchasing power.

In addition to the above, through the digitization of trade activities, G20 countries can realize annual international and domestic trade cost savings of USD 2.9 trillion and create more than 152 million jobs.

To sum up, the digital tools for doing a better job on the ground level, which have been commonly defined in this report by 94.5% of the G20 countries trade community, will also serve to assist them towards achieving their national strategic economic objectives.


In Summary

The G20 Nations Case Study is intended to provide guidance as to the current strengths and opportunities of G20 countries’ trade environment. Its existence is a testament both to G20 countries’ dedication to achieving trade excellence and GCEL’s commitment to providing support for the G20 countries and the world.

GCEL has already demonstrated its commitment to promoting prosperity through trade efficiency via its research and knowledge-sharing initiatives. We will continue to support G20 countries’ efforts to achieve optimal 21-6-ETEI performance levels by collaborating with G20 countries’ governments and businesses as we deploy the DEP. It is GCEL’s core foundation to offset the geopolitical, monopolistic, and data privacy concerns related to the DEP, and making it available without cost to every business around the world.

Once acted upon, the body of knowledge represented by this report will lay the foundation for revitalized trade and for unprecedented economic benefits to humanity. The remainder of this document provides an in-depth exploration of the G20 countries’ trade environment, as well as recommendations that will enable G20 countries to take a leading role in the 21st century Digital Economy.

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Hon. Yves Leterme
Yves Camille Désiré Leterme was the 48th Prime Minister of Belgium, from November 2009 to December 2011.

Leterme was the Prime Minister of Belgium from March 2008 to December 2008. He has been Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Budget, Institutional Reforms, Transport and the North Sea in the Belgian federal government. He is a former Minister-President of Flanders and Flemish Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. He remained Prime Minister until 30 December, when Herman Van Rompuy was appointed as his successor. On 24 November 2009, it was announced that Leterme would once again become Prime Minister, succeeding Van Rompuy, who had been selected to become the first President of the European Council.

Leterme remained as caretaker Prime Minister, but on 13 September 2011 announced that he would leave the post by the end of the year to take up the position of Deputy Secretary-General at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. On 6 December 2011 Leterme was finally succeeded as Prime Minister by Elio Di Rupo, ending the longest run of a caretaker government in the developed world. The following day he was appointed to the honorary title of Minister of State.


Mr. Alejandro Enrique Rausch 

International Consultant

Alejandro Enrique Rausch has more than 40 years of experience in public and private sector projects as a consultant and expert in developing countries. He served as a Consultant for various firms and institutions, and also as a Cabinet advisor, Deputy Co-coordinator, Director and Associate Expert, Advisor to the President of the Commission, Advisor to the Secretary of State, Commercial and Financial Director, and Area Coordinator.
Mr. Rausch’s key qualifications include being an Economist specialized in growth and economic development, State modernization, regulation, and private sector development.
He has significant work experience in public sector management, specifically in the formulation, management, monitoring and evaluation of sector programs and projects, in addition to experience in decentralization, and private sector development.
Furthermore, Mr. Rausch is a member of professional bodies, such as the Strategic Assistance Programme in LAC, UNCRD, UNDP, the Regulatory Policy Institute, Hertford College, Oxford, UK, and the Interregional Privatization Network.
Mr. Rausch currently serves as an International Consultant, and has been in this position since 1985.
He obtained degrees and diplomas for Specialization in Comparative Economic Systems, Specialization Planning and Regional Development, and in Industrial Policy Workshops. He also has a number of publications.


Mr. Wissam Fattouh
Secretary General of the Union of Arab Banks

Mr. Wissam H. Fattouh became the Secretary General of the Union of Arab Banks in November 2010. In this role he leads the largest banking consortium in the region and the sole representative of the Arab banking community, which aims at the development and advancement of the banking and financial markets, in addition to the cross-border relations and exchange of expertise with international counterparts. Mr. Fattouh is an expert in Arab and International banking and financial sectors, acquired from over 25 years of experience in this domain and through extensive and close relations with MENA Region, Europe and United States of America, in addition to regional/International financial and regulatory bodies.
Before his current position, Mr. Fattouh served as the Acting Secretary General, Deputy Secretary General, Director of Conferences Department at UAB and Manager of Databank & Information Technology.  He established the new line of technical Forums that excelled for its scientific importance and established a number of Professional Groups and Associations, Group of Certified Compliance Officers (GCCO), Group of Certified Risk Managers (GCRM) in MENA Region, in addition to initiatives for dialogue between the Arab Banking community with its counterparts from Turkey, the European Union and United States. The Turkish-Arab, EU-Arab and US-Arab banking dialogue initiatives cover matters of laws and regulations, investment, trade including Basel recommendations, AML/CFT acts, FATCA, De-risking, Correspondent banking and others.
Mr. Fattouh has overseen the development of the UAB to the highest standard of professionalism while using advanced technologies and relying on the best human resources. He managed to transform the UAB into an internationally renowned organization with a say on the international banking and financial fronts.



Executive Member - SME Policy, Global Coalition for Efficient Logistics

Dr. Sergio Arzeni is President of INSME - International Network for SMEs based in Rome and Vice President of Friends of  Europe, a Brussels based Think-Thank.
INSME has an MOU with the Global Coalition for Efficient Logistics (GCEL) to help orchestrate the global Digital Economy  Platform in the B2B marketplace where a key beneficiary will be SMEs.
Dr. Arzeni is a Former Director of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Centre for  Entrepreneurship, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and Local Development (CFE) and Tourism in Paris where  he was a Senior Economist for 33 years.
Dr. Arzeni serves as an international specialist in the field of SMEs and entrepreneurship and has been responsible for a  vast number of publications in this field and a contributor to international media. He is a visiting Professor at the Essex  Business School, in the UK.
He holds a First Class Honours Degree in Political Science from the University of Rome, specialization in Industrial  Economics from the International University Institute of Luxembourg and in International Economic Relations from the  Brookings Institution in Washington D.C., USA.


Hon. John E. Jamian
Head Maritime Administration
U.S. Department of Transportation

THE HONORABLE JOHN E. JAMIAN was appointed by President George W. Bush and served as the Head Administrator for the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Maritime Administration from May 2003 until May 2006. Mr. Jamian was instrumental in implementing a Southern California Gateway Action Strategy to address port congestion issues. Mr. Jamian’s responsibilities included promoting the environmentally sound integration of marine transportation with other modes of transportation and with other ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes uses.  Mr. Jamian managed the daily operations of the Maritime Administration, its 900 employees, and 276 ship assets under MARAD purveyance. During his tenure as a Michigan legislator, which began in 1991, Mr. Jamian served as Chair of the House Task Force Committee on Port and Maritime Affairs.  He also chaired the House Health Policy Committee.  While serving in the legislature, Mr. Jamian chaired the United States Canada Relations Committee for the Midwest Council of State Governments, focusing on the mutual goals of the two nations who share the world’s largest lake and transportation system. Mr. Jamian served as the Executive Director of the Detroit/Wayne County Port Authority. Under his administration, the Port Authority introduced many new programs, including restoring the Great Lakes cruise ship industry.

Mr. Jamian served as Chair of the American Great Lakes Ports. He also was a member of the Board of Directors of the American Association of Port Authorities and the Michigan District Export Trade Council.  He also worked with the Department of Defense, Secretary of State Colin Powell, and Jordan’s Queen Noor on demining efforts in the Caucasus Region of the Middle East. Previous to his appointment, Mr. Jamian was selected by Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to participate in the Defense Department’s Joint Civilian Orientation Conference to survey the Nation’s military capabilities—both at home and abroad. In 2011, Mr. Jamian was reappointed to the Executive Director at the Port of Detroit.

Mr. Gregory Bird
Deputy Secretary General, GCEL
Executive, Arthur Andersen & Co

MR. GREGORY BIRD, CPA has 40 years of international finance, logistics, and manufacturing experience. He has been a CFO for a subsidiary of Deutsche Post DHL providing global supply chain management, transportation, warehousing, customs brokerage and related services for the world’s largest automotive manufacturers and other Fortune 500 companies.

Mr. Bird led various international project teams to expand logistics services to customers while reducing their internal logistics and operational costs. He has also been the Chief Executive Officer of a multi-state Tier One manufacturing firm supplying precision machined automotive components. He was also a CPA and Senior Manager for 10 years at Arthur Andersen & Co., an accounting, tax, and consulting firm leading various teams in financial planning, process improvement, and cost management in the manufacturing, real estate, retail, and transportation industries.

Mr. Bird graduated with Honors from the University of Michigan BBA program. His experience inc

Eng. Omar Bahlaiwa
Secretary General for Committee for International Trade
(2016 – Present)
Secretary-General of Council of Saudi Chambers of Commerce and Industry

Eng. Omar Bahlaiwa; engineer by qualification, currently serving Secretary General of Committee of International Trade (CIT) for Saudi Arabia, he is a prominent figure in the high dignitaries among business communities locally and globally. His rich experience and extensive network in local and global community gives him an edge to foster the relationship for the organization.

His current role is to enhance and promote the country’s image internationally, leading prominent delegations to Europe, North America and other key OECD nations to establish favorable image of Saudi Arabia globally. He works closely with his contacts in both local and international business communities to promote exports and attract ‘Foreign Direct Investment’ (FDI) to Saudi Arabia. He has been selected as one of the Leaders in Saudi Arabia in the book issued by Leaders Publishing Corporation for 2007 and 2011.

His succession follows from managing several companies including Senior Technical Analyst at the Saudi Industrial Development Fund (SIDF), Plant Manager for Al-Moajil Sack Factory, VP Sales & Marketing for Saudi Industrial Export Company, General Manager for MATTEX and Assistant Secretary General for Foreign Affairs for Council of Saudi Chambers of Commerce and Industry to Secretary General for the Council of Saudi Chambers and CIT till the current stature.

H.E. Nancy Bakir
High Commissioner for Arab Civil Society, Arab League
Minister of Culture, Jordan

H.E. NANCY BAKIR is currently the High Commissioner for Arab Civil Society at the League of Arab States. Nancy Bakir was a former Minister of Culture (2007-2009) and Minister of Public Sector Development (2009) of the Cabinet of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Ms. Bakir was also the former Assistant Secretary-General at the League of Arab States for the Social Sector (2004-2007) and Acting Secretary-General Assistant for the Economic Sector (2006).

She has held a number of positions including Advisor to the Prime Minister of Jordan for Human Rights, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Administrative Development, Acting Secretary-General for the Higher Council for Science and Technology , a member of the National Council for Human Rights, a member of the Educational Council, a member of the Radio and Television Board, General Coordinator for the Second Summit of Arab First Ladies 2002, and General Coordinator of the Amman Cultural Capital of the Arab World 2002. She has also worked in other institutions such as the Ministry of Higher Education, the Council of Higher Education, the Ministry of Planning, and the Civil Service Society.

Ms. Bakir holds a Master’s degree in Philological Sciences/Former Soviet Union and a Master’s degree in Peace and Diplomacy.

H.E. DR. Mohammad Amr
Minister - Foreign Affairs, Egypt (2011-2013)
Alternate Executive Director, World Bank (1997-2009)

H.E . DR. MOHAMAD AMR began his career as a diplomat in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs after graduating from University of Alexandria with a degree in Economics and Political Science. He served as Egypt's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2011 to 2013. Prior to that, Dr. Amr held several high postings to Egyptian Embassies abroad including Embassies in Ethiopia, China, United Kingdom, Australia, and USA. He was also appointed as Egypt’s Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Amr also served on the cabinets of several Foreign Ministers including Mahmoud Riyad, Mohamed Riyad, Boutros Boutros Ghali, and Esmat Abdel-Meguid.

He was appointed as counsellor in the Egyptian Mission to the United Nations in New York (1982 -1987) during which period he served as Egypt’s representative on the Security Council. In this capacity, he chaired the Security Council commission established by Security Council Resolution no. 571 to investigate South Africa’s attacks on Angola.

Dr. Amr was also appointed as an Assistant Foreign Minister for African Organizations (1993-1995), a Representative of Egypt to the Organization of Islamic Conference (1995-1997), the Alternate Executive Director (representing Egypt and 13 Arab Countries) on the Executive Board of Directors of the World Bank in Washington, D.C. (1997-2009), and the first Executive Director of the Center for Strategic Documentation, where he remained until his resignation on July 2011.

H.E. Dr. Mohammad Halaiqah
Member of Parliament and Senate, Jordan (2004-2007)
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister, Jordan (2000-2004)
H.E. DR. MOHAMMAD HALAIQAH is a well known political and economic figure in Jordan and the Arab region. He is acknowledged for his efforts in economic and legal reform in Jordan. Dr. Halaiqah was a member of the Jordanian Parliament until chairing the foreign relations committee. He served in key ministerial positions in four consecutive Jordanian governments.

He served as Director-General (1990-92) and Director (1992-93) of the Amman Chamber of Industry. He was appointed as Assistant Secretary-General (1993-94) of the Higher Council for Science and Technology and one-time Director-General of the Jordan Export Development Corporation (1994-97). In 1997, he served as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Industry and Trade and was named its Minister in January 2000. Dr. Halaiqah served as Jordan's chief negotiator for accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the signing of the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Jordan and USA. In June 2000, he was named Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs and Minister of National Economy in January 2002. He was appointed Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs and Minister of Administrative Development in July 2003. After resigning his ministerial post in October 2004, he was appointed a Senator by the King and served in the Senate till 2007.

In the business world, Dr. Halaiqah is the Chairman of Ammoun International Investments, as well as Chairman of Consult Us Co. He is also active in NGOs, currently chairing Sakeenah for social support of orphans. Dr. Halaiqah, born in 1951, obtained a B.Sc. in Chemistry from the University of Jordan in 1976 and a Ph.D. in Industrial Chemistry from University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. He has extensive expertise in economic, political affairs, and relations in the Arab World. He is generally regarded as one of the keenest economic minds in the country.


Mr. Rainer Ptok
Head of Foreign Relations Department at BVMW

Mr. RAINER PTOK is the Owner of the international consulting company Ptok International Consulting, where he supports mainly small and medium sized enterprises on their way to global markets. His experience of more than 20 years in the German world of Business Associations provides him with a rich knowledge of political and economic lobbying processes and a huge network of national and international business partners. His recent activities therefore include the advisory mandate for the largest SME association in Germany, the Association of Small and Medium Enterprises, BVMW, with its headquarter in Berlin.

Mr. Ptok acts a as business consultant in the field of industry, mainly the automotive sector, where he served for 6 years in a prestigious family-owned Tier-1 supplier of exhaust systems in several functions – Personal Assistant to the Owner and CEO, Head of the Legal Department, Head of PR and Marketing. As a consultant, he already supported automotive suppliers in their internationalization strategy e.g. to the US, China and India. His main expertise as international consultant is related to India, Iran and Russia.

Mr. Ptok is a frequent speaker and moderator in business conferences worldwide. He serves in the Advisory Council of the German-Arab Friendship Society (DAFG), is a member of the International Club of Honour (ICOH) and was recently appointed to the Europe Logistics Council Board of Advisors to support the deployment of their global Digital Economy Platform.

Mr. Ptok holds a Degree in Law from Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich and is currently an attorney-at-law admitted to the Bar at Regional Court of Augsburg. He  followed an Intensive Course of Economics at the only state-maintained Distance Teaching University in Germany, Hagen. He has a very good knowledge of English and French, good Knowledge of Italian and basic Knowledge of Russian and Spanish.

Mr. Pietro Spirito
President of the Port System of Central Tirrenian Sea (Italy)

MR. PIETRO SPIRITO is the president of the Authority for the Port System of the Central Mediterranean Sea since 2016. He is also the Program Manager for the regeneration of the Bagnoli area (Naples). Since 2015, he has been the President of Bologna’s Freight Village, after being its Managing Director between 2009 and 2011. Between 2005 and 2006, Mr. Spirito was the CEO of the train and shunting operating company in Genova. From 2001 to 2005, he was the CEO of Omnia Express and Omnia Logistica, companies operating in freight logistics services. Between 1987 and 2000, Mr. Spirito occupied various positions within the Italian State Railways. From 1998 to 2003, he was the President of SGT, the terminal company in Pomezia (Rome)

 Mr. Spirito has a Master’s Degree in Business Administration from the Unioncamere (Italian Chamber of Commerce Association), Rome. He has also a Degree in Political Science from Federico II University in Naples. His thesis examined the European Monetary System and its influence for the evolution of the Italian economy. He has several publications on the themes of the European integration process, industrial policy in Italy, regional policies for South Italy, evolution of the rail system in Italy and Europe, transport and logistic policies issue. Recently (2014).

Mr. Spirito published a book on “The construction of capital trustee” and another on the managerial experience in public local transportation (2016).

Dr. John Llewellyn
Founding Partner at Llewellyn Consulting (United Kingdom)

Before co-founding Llewellyn Consulting, Dr. John Llewellyn was Global Chief Economist and then Senior Economic Policy Advisor at Lehman Brothers. This followed almost twenty years at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris, where variously he was Head of International Forecasting and Policy Analysis, Editor of the OECD Economic Outlook, Deputy Director for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education, and finally Chef de Cabinet to the Secretary-General. Prior to that he spent nearly ten years at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Cambridge, and he was also a Fellow of St. John’s College.

Dr. Llewellyn earned his undergraduate degree at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and his doctorate at the University of Oxford. He has published widely.

Prof. Jay Mitra
Professor of Business Enterprise & Innovation, Essex Business School

PROFESSOR JAY MITRA is the Founding Professor of Business Enterprise and Innovation, Director of the Center for Entrepreneurship Research, and Head of the School of Entrepreneurship and Business at the University of Essex. He has acted as a Scientific Adviser to the OECD as the Head of the Scientific Committee on Entrepreneurship for the OECD’s Centre for Entrepreneurship and the LEED (Local Economic and Employment) Programme at its Trento Centre and in Paris. Educated in India and in the UK, Professor Mitra has written and published widely on entrepreneurship, innovation, small firm growth and internationalization, technology and knowledge transfer between universities and small firms for international referee journals, international conferences and seminars.

Professor Mitra has over 20 years of experience relating to entrepreneurship in large and small firms, small businesses and local economic development, gained while working for a firm of consultants and accountants, in local government, as head of an innovation centre, as an academic, and through two new business ventures of his own in London.

Professor Mitra has taught and lectured in numerous countries in Europe, Asia the USA, Latin America, at seminars, workshops and conferences for corporate executives, owner managers of small firms, workshops and conferences for corporate executives, owner managers of small firms, entrepreneurs, policy makers and educators. Professor Mitra is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in the UK.

Mr. Victor Sedov
Chairman of OPORA RUSSIA

MR. VICTOR SEDOV has dedicated last twenty five years to developing and implementing international projects, working with Russian and U.S. government agencies, advising and representing U.S., European and Russian companies and promoting growth of enterprises throughout Russia.

Since its inception in 2002, Mr. Sedov is the President and Executive Director of the Center for Entrepreneurship LLC (CFE).  CFE is a catalyst organization advancing the role and scope of entrepreneurship in Russia.  CFE is a founding member of the G20 Young Entrepreneurs’ Alliance, and host of Global Entrepreneurship Week in Russia.  CFE brings to Russia highly regarded international entrepreneurship trainings and programs; trains faculty in entrepreneurship teaching methodology; conducts a range of events, conferences, and meetings; and builds capacity in other organizations that share its mission.

Victor Sedov was behind the launch of the first Eastern European chapter of Young Entrepreneurs’ Organization in Moscow, that is now self-sustainable and active member of EO world community, initiated the process and played an active role in organizing World Entrepreneurship Congress in Moscow in 2014 with more than 7,000 participants, successfully organized G20 YEA Summit in Moscow in 2013 with all twenty nations sending their delegations for the first time in the history of the alliance.

Mr. Sedov is Director Emeritus of the U.S. Russia Investment Fund and he served on TUSRIF Board from 1999 to 2002 at a time when the fund was the leading private equity investor in Russia with over $500 million invested in dozens of private growing companies.  He also served for many years as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Russian Microfinance Center Foundation.

In 2008, he was elected to the Presidium of OPORA, Russia’s largest small and midsize business association and from 2015 he chairs OPORA’s committee on international cooperation.  Mr. Sedov helped to found the Russian Association of Entrepreneurship Education, and continues to serve on its Board.  Mr. V. Sedov represents Russia in the G20 Young Entrepreneurs’ Alliance from 2012 and is actively involved in B20 activities in different taskforce groups since 2013.

Victor Sedov also served for three years in 2012-2015 as Non-Executive Director on the Board of Trustees of The Prince’s Youth Business International based in London with operations in more than 40 countries worldwide.  He is annually selected by EY to serve as a Distinguished Judge for EY Entrepreneur of the Year competition and for EY “Business Women” competition.

He is a founder of a non-profit Enterprise Russia and international consulting company Victoria Enterprises, Inc.  He previously managed all foreign relations of the Sedin Group, a major machine-tool-building enterprise in Sothern Russia.

Mr. Sedov possesses, among other advanced degrees, an MA in Business and Logistics management, over the years attended several executive education programs at Harvard and IESE Business Schools.

Rear Admiral Roberto Patruno
Italian Navy - Coast Guard (Ret.)
IMO/UNEP Director, Regional Marine Pollution
Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea

REAR ADMIRAL ROBERTO PATRUNO is the former Director of the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC) that assists the Mediterranean countries in the implementation of the IMO Conventions relevant to prevention, preparedness, and response to marine pollution as well as the Prevention-Emergency Protocol. He graduated from the Italian Navy College in 1968 as a Lieutenant of the Harbor Master – Coast Guard Corp., where he served with great distinction for 33 years, achieving the rank of Rear Admiral. His initial duties were in the Harbor Master Offices of Livorno, Bari, and Rome where he was responsible for the administration of 160 km of coastline and related territorial waters, including safety matters in ports and in coastal industrial installations.

In 1984, he was appointed as Deputy Director to the National Maritime Emergency Centre at the Italian Civil Protection Department Headquarters, to assist the Director with major emergencies at sea related to search and rescue, marine pollution, and coastal areas evacuation. In 1992, he was seconded for a three-year period to the European Commission (DG Environment – Civil Protection) in Brussels as a national expert in the fields of marine environment and civil protection. He was assigned in 1995 to the Operational Department (IMRCC) of the Coast Guard Headquarters where, for three years, he led the newly created International Relationship Office. In October 1998, he was appointed as Director of the REMPEC in Malta, the IMO/UNEP regional center established in 1976, within the Mediterranean Action Plan and the Regional Seas Program of UNEP, which he chaired with excellent results up to 31 December 2006, when he retired from active duty.


Rear Admiral Richard Cobbold
Director, Royal United Services Institute (1994-2007)
British Royal Navy (1960-1993)

REAR ADMIRAL RICHARD COBBOLD served in the Royal Navy for 33 years, specializing as a seaman officer and then as a helicopter observer. Later in his career he commanded the frigates HMS MOHAWK and HMS BRAZEN, and was Captain of the 2nd Frigate Squadron in HMS BRILLIANT. He was a member of the Royal College of Defense Studies in 1984, and his appointments in the Ministry of Defense included Director of Defense Concepts in 1987. Promoted Rear Admiral in 1991, he served as Assistant Chief of Defense Staff (ACDS) Operational Requirements for Sea Systems until 1994, and additionally as ACDS (Joint Systems) from 1992. He retired from the Royal Navy in March 1994. Rear Admiral Cobbold took up his appointment as Director of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) in September 1994.

He is a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and Governor of the London Nautical School. He served as a Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Defence Committee from 1997 to 2007 and in the same capacity to the Foreign Affairs Committee in 2002, and as Senior Policy Advisor on International Security Affairs to the Ocean Security Initiative, a Washington-based NGO. He has written numerous articles for Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI). He is recognized as an international expert on security and defense issues with an emphasis on Homeland Security and has contributed widely to the written and electronic media in these areas.


Dr. Choong -Yong Ahn
Member of Presidential Council on National Competitiveness
Member of Regulatory Reform Commission in South Korea
Dr. Ahn is currently Chairman, National Commission for Corporate Partnership and responsible for inducing voluntary collaborations and synergy between Korea’s big businesses and small and medium enterprises. Before taking his current post, he served as Foreign Investment Ombudsman (2006-2014) and responsible for resolving grievances raised by foreign investors in Korea. He is former Chairman of the Presidential Regulatory Reform Committee (2010-2012). He holds also Distinguished Professorship at Graduate School of International Studies, Chung-Ang University. While on sabbatical from Chung-Ang University, he also served as the President of the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (2002-2005); Chair of the APEC Economic Committee; Chair of Board, Choheung Bank; consultant to the World Bank; UNIDO Chief Technical Advisor to the Economic Planning Unit of Malaysia to design Malaysia′s industrial master plan; and served as President of several academic societies in Korea including the Korea International Economics Association, Korean Association of Trade and Industry Studies, and the Korea Econometric Society


Ambassador Hemant Krishan Singh
Director General of Delhi Policy Group Amb. of India (1999-2010)


Hemant Krishan Singh or H.K. Singh is an ex senior officer of the Indian Foreign Service (retired from service on 31 December 2010). His last posting was Ambassador of India in Tokyo (Japan). Born on 6 October 1950, Ambassador H. K. Singh has a M.A. degree from the University of Delhi and joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1974. He is married to Mrs. Mrinalini Singh and they have two children. He has been India's Ambassador to Indonesia and Colombia. Also served as India's Deputy Permanent Representative at the Indian Mission to the UN in Geneva (Switzerland). He was India's Ambassador to Japan till December 2010, just before retirement from Service.

Ambassador H. K. Singh has held the assignments of Country Officer for the US (1980-1981), Director for PakistanIranAfghanistan (1991-1992) and Joint Secretary for Western Europe (1992-1995) in the Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi. His assignments abroad have included Second Secretary in Lisbon (1976-1977) and in Maputo (1978-1980), First Secretary in Washington D.C. (1981-1985), and Counsellor in Kathmandu (1985-1988) and Belgrade (1988-1991). Ambassador Singh was Deputy Permanent Representative of India to the UN Offices in Geneva (1995-1999) and Ambassador of India to Colombia, with concurrent accreditation to Ecuador and Costa Rica (1999-2002). He was Ambassador of India to Indonesia (2003-2006) with concurrent accreditation to East Timor.



Dr. Ruth Banomyong
Consultant to the UN-ESCAP and UNCTADs


Dr.Ruth Banomyong is recognised as a leading logistics development expert in Southeast Asia. He has drafted legislation and assisted ASEAN in endorsing the roadmap for the integration of ASEAN logistics in 2007. He has developed, based on his PhD research, a cost-time distance model that is currently being used as a reference in assessing economic corridor performance by agencies such UN-ESCAP, UNCTAD, ADB, and the World Bank.

Dr.Ruth Banomyong is currently a lecturer at Thammasat University. He holds a Doctoral Degree in International Logistics from Cardiff University.


Dr. Filemon A. Uriarte, Jr.
Member Governing Board - National Research Council, Philippines


Dr. Uriarte has over 40 years of experience in the academe, private sector, ASEAN, United Nations, and the Philippine government serving in various senior level positions.

In the Philippine government, he served three Presidents. Under President Joseph Estrada, he was a member of the Cabinet, as Secretary (Minister) of Science and Technology; under President Corazon Aquino as Undersecretary (Deputy Minister); and under President Ferdinand Marcos, as Director of the National Institute of Science and Technology, the oldest and largest government research institute. He held senior level positions at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific: as Regional Adviser in Environmental Management (1989-1991), Special Assistant and Secretary of the Commission (2003-2004); Principal Officer, Office of the Executive Secretary (2004–2005); Director, Information, Communications and Space Technology Division (2005-2006). He also served as an expert, resource person or consultant for ESCAP, UNEP, WHO, and UNESCO.

In ASEAN, Dr. Uriarte served as member or head of the Philippine Government’s delegation to numerous ASEAN intergovernmental meetings at the ministerial, senior official, and committee levels. He also served as a senior official at the ASEAN Secretariat, first as Director of the Science and Technology Bureau (1986-1989), and then as Director of the Functional

Cooperation Bureau (1993-1999), managing and coordinating ASEAN cooperation in the fields of social development, labor, drugs, youth, culture and information, environment, and science and technology.

Dr. Uriarte holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemical engineering from the University of the Philippines, and a PhD from the Carnegie-Mellon University in the United States. He is a multi-awarded engineer, scientist and manager, and has written numerous technical and scientific papers. He is married to Genevieve Pacis and blessed with five children. He and his wife are active in charitable and religious work.


Mr. Mark Grey


Mark has an extensive background in international marketing e Commerce and corporate governance. He is the CEO of Collective Health and Wellness an integrated health care solution in Australia and was formally the Managing Director in Brisbane for Australia’s largest marketing communication group Clemenger BBDO and the Chief Executive of pan Asian marketing and e Commerce group Batey/Redcell, in China, Hong Kong, and later Singapore.

His international clients have included HSBC, Singapore Airlines and Mercedes Benz.

He has been Chairman and a Non Executive Director across several Australian and international companies, including Chairman of Risk Mitigation group, Verifact, Chairman of Industrial Relations Law group, Livingstones, and Director of one of the world’ largest accounting and finance associations CPA Australia.

He was an invited delegate to the B20 (Business Advisory group to the G20 Leaders) in Turkey, 2015, China 2016 and Germany 2017.

Mark joined the board of the Asia Logistics Council in May 2013 representing Australia.

Mark holds a BA in Economics and Asian Studies and has post graduate qualifications in Marketing and Corporate Governance. He is Fellow of the Australian Institute of Company Directors and a Fellow of CPA


Mr. Michael Johnson
Member of Parliament, Australia
CEO, Kokoda Capital Group


MR. MICHAEL JOHNSON is CEO of Kokoda Capital Group, a privately owned firm with premium clients in the Asia-Pacific region. Kokoda focuses on the commodities and wider energy sector but is also active in financial services, retail, F&B and property. The firm also has holdings in several media, entertainment and sporting related entities. Mr. Johnson is also a Director of Rugby Channel Online in a partnership with Fiji TV broadcasting rugby on Google’s global online platform. He is also a Director of Myanmar Global Capital Partners (MGCP) and the CEO of Royal Vitamins International Limited, a company manufacturing vitamins in a unique liquid format that has the potential to completely transform the global vitamins industry.
He is the President of the Australia-Asia Business Council and is also a former Member of the Australian Parliament rising to become Federal Parliamentary Whip in 2007. Born in Hong Kong to a Chinese mother and Australian father, Michael is passionate about deepening and widening the Australia-Asia relationship and was the first Member of the Australian Parliament to have a part Chinese heritage and one of the youngest when elected in 2001 at the age of only 31.
He was educated at the University of Queensland, the University of Cambridge, where he obtained an MPhil, and the University of Birmingham, where he obtained a master's degree in international studies. He was the Australian Chevening Scholar in 1994, the Charles Hawker Memorial Scholar in 1996 and was a 2004 graduate of the Kennedy School of Government’s Executive Leaders’ Program at Harvard. Michael has spoken at conferences and events all over Asia. Mr. Johnson sits on the Global Council of the Asia Society and is a Member of the World Chinese Economic Forum Advisory Board. He is a regular political commentator on Australia’s Sky News network.


Dr. Makarim Wibisono
Permanent Rep. to United Nations, Indonesia
President, United Nations Economic and Social Council
President, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


Dr. Makarim Wibisono is a lecturer at the National Defense Institute, Paramadina University, Atma Jaya Catholic University, the University of Al Azhar, Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University. Dr. Wibisono holds a Master’s degree in International Political Economy and a PhD in Political Science from Ohio State University, USA. He also has an M.A. in International Relations from Johns Hopkins University, USA. and Doctorandus in International Relations from the Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia.

Dr. Wibisono has also served as Chairman of the Governing Board of the Indonesian Council on World Affairs, Senior Advisor on International Cooperation to the Minister of Health of Indonesia, Advisor to the National Commission of Human Rights, and as Senior Advisor on International Affairs to the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Indonesia. As a Diplomat, Dr. Wibisono was Ambassador of Indonesia to the United Nations and to some Central American countries. He was also Director-General for Foreign Affairs Economic Relations (2000-2002), and Director for Multilateral Economic Cooperation of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1993-1994). As Director General for Asia Pacific and Africa (2002-2004), he negotiated and helped finalize the Bali Concord II which effectively created the ASEAN Community. He led the Indonesian Delegation to the Senior Officials Meetings of ASEAN, ASEAN+3, ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and APEC.

Dr. Wibisono is a lecturer at the National Defense Institute, Paramadina University, Atma Jaya Catholic University, the University of Al Azhar, Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University.

Dr. Wibisono holds a Master’s degree in International Political Economy and a PhD in Political Science from Ohio State University, USA. He also has an M.A. in International. Relations from Johns Hopkins University, USA. and Doctorandus in International Relations from the Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia.


H.E. Pushpanathan Sundram
Deputy Secretary-General, ASEAN Economic Community
Chairman, China-ASEAN Business Association
MR. PUSHPANATHAN SUNDRAM is the former Deputy Secretary-General of ASEAN for the ASEAN Economic Community and the current Chairman of China-ASEAN Business Association. He was instrumental in the development of the ASEAN Charter, ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint and Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity. Mr. Sundram was also involved in the negotiation and implementation of the ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (“ACFTA”). Current positions and affiliations include Senior Fellow for the Singapore Institute of International Affairs;  Economic Advisor to Zhanjiang People’s Government, Guangdong, China; Senior Economic Advisor to ASEAN for the Nantong Municipal People’s Government, Jiangsu China; and Principal Advisor to ASEAN Food and Beverage Alliance.
With his wealth of experience, Mr. Sundram offers strategic advice on public-private partnerships and business engagements for trade associations and companies across the Asia-Pacific region.  Mr. Sundram’s career beams with achievements furthering public and regulatory affairs, global trade, investment, and business development interests by devising innovative trade and economic policies, strategies, agreements, and solutions that meet business and stakeholders’ needs, improve financial performance, and contribute to economic growth
He received his Bachelor degree in Economics and Political Science from the National University of Singapore (NUS) in 1988 and a Master in Public Policy from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, NUS, in 1994. Prior to joining the ASEAN Secretariat, he served the Ministry of Defense of Singapore for seven years.


YB Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz
Minister of Int. Trade & Industry, Malaysia
Asia Logistics Council Chairperson

YB TAN SRI RAFIDAH AZIZ is currently the Chairperson of Air AsiaX Board Of Directors and the former Minister of International Trade and Industry Malaysia (MITI) having served more than 21 years. She was also the Chair of the Asia Logistics Council (2009-2011), a member of GCEL. She obtained her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Economics from the University of Malaya and holds Honorary Doctorates of Letters from several local and foreign universities. She embarked on her career as tutor whilst pursuing her Degree and Masters in Economics between 1966 – 1970. She was appointed as Assistant Lecturer upon her graduation in 1966, and worked as a Lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Administration in the University of Malaya until 1976.

She was appointed to the Senate in 1974, and successfully ran for a Parliamentary seat in 1978, serving as a Member of Parliament up to the present. In 1976 she was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary of the Ministry of Public Enterprises, and in 1977 she was made the Deputy Minister of Finance. In 1980, she was promoted to the post of Public enterprises and served in that portfolio until 1987, when she was appointed the Minister of International Trade and Industry. She was one of the longest serving ministers in the Malaysian Government, holding a cabinet post for more than 27 years. At the political level she is currently the leader of the Women’s Wing of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), a post which she has held for 25 years. She has also been serving in the Party’s Supreme Council for the last 33 years.


Mr. Xu Ningning
Co-Chairman, China-ASEAN Business Association
Executive Secretary-General, China-ASEAN Business Council Chinese Secretariat

MR. XU NINGNING is an expert on ASEAN business and has been heavily engaged in the development of economic and trade cooperation between China and ASEAN over the last 20 years. Hence, he holds many important positions in a number of organizations. He is currently the Co-Chairman of China-ASEAN Business Association, the Executive Secretary-General of the China-ASEAN Business Council Chinese Secretariat, Executive President of China-ASEAN Business Council, Vice Chairman of East Asia Business Council China Committee, Chairman of GMS Business Council, Executive Director of Asian Pacific Center of China Fund for International Studies, Guest Professor at China Foreign Affairs University and University of International Business & Economics, and the consultant of China-ASEAN Expo.

In January 2013 Mr. Ningning was recognized as a Goodwill Envoy for China-ASEAN Business Cooperation by the commercial councilors of ten ASEAN countries in China. He also received the China-ASEAN Cooperation Outstanding Contribution Award in 2011 for his countless contributions to improving China-ASEAN cooperation.

Mr. Ningning has published 18 books on economics, such as News Business Opportunities in ASEAN-Faith and Action, Diary of China-ASEAN “Zero Tariff”, Business Opportunities – Dialogue with ASEAN, Reports on Business Opportunities of Southeast Asia, Entrepreneurs, etc.

Mr. Ningning graduated from Nanjing University in 1981 with a major in economics. In 1992, he attended the Singapore Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) as a visiting scholar. He has since been invited to give nearly 200 reports on Southeast Asian business in Beijing, Tianjin, Chongqing, Guangzhou, and others.


H.E. Ambassador Masahiko Horie
Ambassador for Global Environmental Affairs, Japan
Former Ambassador of Japan to Malaysia

H.E. AMBASSADOR MASAHIKO HORIE is a Special Assistant and Ambassador for Global Environment Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan and Regional Councilor of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Mr. Horie is an expert in environmental matters such as climate change, biological diversity, tropical timber, etc. He was also the Ambassador of Japan to the State of Qatar and the Ambassador of Japan to Malaysia (2007-2011) as well as Director General for International Affairs in Defense Agency. His overseas posts include Councilor of Embassy of Japan in Denmark, Minister of Embassy of Japan in Kenya, and Minister of Embassy of Japan in France.
He chaired the 48th International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC) in 2012 and also launched the Energy Efficiency Improvement Facilitation Hub in Tokyo. He is Professor at Meiji University lecturing on Japanese Diplomacy. He also teaches at Kyoto University and Tsukuba University on Global Environmental Issues. He is also Professor at Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Mr. Horie received his Bachelor of Economics (1969) and Bachelor of Law (1973) from Osaka University, Japan and his Master of Economics (1971) from Tulane University, U.S.A.


Mr. Yugi Prayanto
Vice Chairman, Indonesia National Chamber of Commerce & Industry
MR. YUGI PRAYANTO is the current Vice Chairman for Maritime and Fishery Affairs of the Indonesian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN).
He served as Vice President of PT. Equity Development Securities – Stock Brokers, Fund Managers and underwriters from 1999 to 2001. He served as a Director of Marketing at PT. Insurance Dayin Mitra Tbk from 2001 to 2005. Mr. Prayanto has been the President Director of PT. Sinar Mitra Karsa since 2005. He has also been the Vice Chairman of PT. Insurance Dayin Mitra Tbk since 2005. He serves as an Independent Commissioner of Danasupra Erapacific Tbk. He has been an Independent Commissioner at Asuransi Dayin Mitra tbk PT since 2005.
Mr. Prayanto holds a Bachelor of Science in Business & Commerce from the University of Houston.


Y. B hg. Tan Sri Abd Rahman Mamat
Chairman, Asia Logistics Council
Sec. Gen, Min. of Int. Trade & Industry, Malaysia
Y. B HG. TAN SRI ABD RAHMAN MAMAT has held various directorial roles in the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), Malaysia; including Director of Industries, Senior Director of Policy and Industry Services Division, and Deputy Secretary-General. His last position held was as Secretary-General of MITI from 2006 until 2010. During his tenure as MITI Secretary General, he held various positions including Board Director of Malaysian Industrial Development Authority (MIDA), Board Director of the Malaysian External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE), Board Director of Johor Corporation, Board Member of the Regional Economic Development Authority (RECODA) and Board Member of Lembaga Kenaf and Tembakau Negara, Malaysia.

Y. B hg. Tan Sri Mamat has vast experience and an extensive track record. He was the Assistant Director of MITI and then became the Deputy Trade Commissioner and Director of Trade of the Malaysian Trade Office of New York, USA and Taipei, Taiwan, respectively.
Y. B hg. Tan Sri Mamat then became the Economic Counselor / Trade Commissioner & Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission (ESCAP), Malaysian Trade Office, Bangkok, Thailand. In 1996, he was the Special Assistant to the Minister of International Trade and Industry, YB Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz. In 1998, he was also the Director of Export Promotion Bureau Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE).
Y. B hg. Tan Sri Mamat graduated with B.Ec.(HONS) from University Malaya in 1975. He then pursued the Advance Management Programme (AMP 167) from Harvard Business School Boston, USA.


Dato' Kamaruzzaman Bin Abu Kassim

YB DATO' KAMARUZZAMAN BIN ABU KASSIM is the President of Asia Logistics Council and CEO of Johor Corporation, a leading state-linked conglomerate, with more than 250 subsidiaries employing more than 60,000 employees group-wide.He graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce in Accountancy from the University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia in 1987. He embarked on his career as an Audit Assistant with Messrs K.E Chen & Associates in May 1988 and later joined Coopers & Lybrand (currently known as PricewaterhouseCoopers) in Johor Bahru. In December 1992, he left the firm and joined Johor Corporation as the Deputy Manager of the Corporate Finance Department. He is currently the Chairman of Malaysian Public Listed companies including Kulim (Malaysia) Berhad, Damansara Realty Berhad, QSR Brands Berhad, KFC Holdings Berhad, and KPJ Berhad. He is also a Chairman and Director of several other non-listed companies within the Johor Corporation Group. YB Dato' Bin Abu Kassim was actively involved in several significant financial restructuring of companies within the Group throughout his tenure prior to his appointment to his current position.


Captain Samuel Salloum
Chairman and CEO, World Logistics Council
Co-Chairman, GCEL
CAPTAIN SAMUEL SALLOUM is the Chairman and the CEO of the World Logistics Council, a semi-governmental organization involving 28 countries from around the world, supporting global economic development initiatives through an empowered Digital Economy.

Captain Salloum is also the Co-Chairman of GCEL, the Global Coalition for Efficient Logistics. GCEL is a Swiss-based nonprofit Public/Private Partnership focused on sustained economic growth through increased trade efficiency based on an empowered Digital Economy. Under his leadership, the WLC, a founding member of GCEL, has gained the support of more than 150 countries and 26 Inter-governmental/Nongovernmental Organizations worldwide, and its private-sector member companies alone exceed 2.7 million personnel and serve approximately 60% of global GDP. As a recognized authority on issues concerning global trade and cargo security, Captain Salloum is frequently asked to share his expertise with national and international economic and trade forums, governmental agencies, directors, and CEOs. He is the holder of several worldwide logistics and technology patents which have been globally recognized as the solution to problems facing the fragmented, multi-trillion-dollar global trade industry. He has also conceived and initiated several global initiatives geared towards improving trade standards, practices, and ultimately volumes around the world.

Captain Salloum was one of the youngest officers ever to be awarded the degree of Open Sea Master by the Italian Ministry of Transportation. At the age of 29, he led the world’s second-largest shipping company in its expansion into the North American market. As the leader of WLC, he is currently focusing his efforts upon strategy, development, and deployment of the organization’s groundbreaking Digital Economy program, the spearhead of an initiative that will universally boost trade efficiency, performance and profitability as it improves the well being of millions of people worldwide. Captain Salloum’s international experience ranges from dockside to boardroom.